gallery PESTICIDE RESIDUES ON FOODS

If you’re curious to know what chemicals may be lingering on your fruits and veges, here’s a snapshot. To avoid these substances, consider going organic.

PESTICIDE RESIDUES ON FOODS

Data collected from EPA, USDA, whatsinmyfood.org, and Toxnet

(For reasons unknown Glyphosate, 2,4-D, Enlist Duo, Atrazine, Dicamba and other notable pesticides were not included in these testing samples conducted by the USDA). Find data at www.whatsinmyfood.org.

Grapes

Pesticide

56 Pesticides[i]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Imidacloprid Neonicotinoid Neurotoxin, kills bees
Boscalid Fungicide Possible carcinogen, effects liver and thyroid[ii]
Pyraclostrobin Fungicide Harms brain[iii], toxic to bees, hives & health of bee larvae,[iv] linked with increasing bee death to Nosema fungus[v]
Myclobutanil Fungicide Harms brain, reproductive toxin, prevents iodine absorption, harms thyroid[vi]
Trifloxystrobin Fungicide Quinone Outside Inhibitor, implicated in declining bee health, magnifies impact of other pesticides, contaminates water115
Tebuconazole Fungicide Possible carcinogen, harms thyroid,116 endocrine system
Fenhexamid Fungicide May be toxic to honeybee larvae,[vii] can promote ovarian cell proliferation, makes ovarian cancer health condition worse[viii]
Apples

Pesticide

47 Pesticides[ix]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Diphenylamine Fungicide Banned in EU, applied to apples post harvest in U.S., coverts to carcinogen nitrosamines,[x] toxic to aquatic animals[xi]
Thiabendazole Fungicide Carcinogen, reproductive toxin119
Pyrimethanil Fungicide Carcinogen, bee toxin, hormone disruptor119
Phosmet Organophosphate Possible Carcinogen, Neurotoxin, Bee toxin 119
Acetamiprid Neonicotinoid Bee toxin119, toxic to birds, earthworms, bioaccumulative[xii]
Imidacloprid Neonicotinoid Bee toxin, endocrine disruptor, evidence of cancer risk, notable water contaminant particularly in urban areas[xiii]
Carbendazim Fungicide Possilbe carcinogen, bee toxin, hormone disruptor119
Thiacloprid Neonicotinoid Probable carcinogen, bee toxin119
Bell Peppers

Pesticide

53 Pesticides[xiv]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Pyraclostrobin Fungicide Harms brain113 , toxic to bees114,115
Boscalid Fungicide Thyroid toxin112, possible carcinogen
Imidacloprid Neonicotinoid Bee toxin, endocrine disruptor, evidence of cancer risk, notable water contaminant particularly in urban areas123
Thiamethoxam Neonicotinoid Bee toxin124, kidney liver damage, reproductive effects[xv]
Acetamiprid Neonicotinoid Bee toxin119, toxic to birds, earthworms, bioaccumulative 122
Myclobutanil Fungicide Harms brain, reproductive toxin, harms thyroid116
Chlorpyrifos insecticide Neurotoxin, toxic to children & bees, endocrine disruptor124
Bifenthrin pyrethroid Possible carcinogen, reproductive toxin, endocrine disruptor124
Strawberries

Pesticide

45 Pesticides[xvi]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages126

Captan Fungicide Carcinogen, causes birth defects
Pyrimethanil Fungicide Probable carcinogen, bee toxin, endocrine disruptor
Carbendazim Fungicide Possible carcinogen, hormone toxin, bee toxin
Bifenthrin Insecticide Possible carcinogen, reproductive toxin, hormones, bee toxin
Malathion Organophosphate Neurotoxin, hormone and bee toxin, possible carcinogen
CORN

Pesticide

15 Pesticides[xvii]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages127

Malathion Organophosphate Neurotoxin, endocrine disruptor, probable carcinogen
Chlorpyrifos Organophosphate Neurotoxin, endocrine disruptor, reproductive toxin, bee toxin
Permethrin Insecticide Probable carcinogen, endocrine disruptor, bee toxin
Pirimiphos methyl Insecticide Neurotoxin, Bee toxin
CELERY

Pesticide

64 Pesticides[xviii]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Acephate Organophosphate Hormone disruptor, neurotoxin, possible carcinogen
Linuron Herbicide Hormone disruptor, reproductive toxin, possible carcinogen
Propiconazole Fungicide Thyroid toxin, possible carcinogen, reproductive and bee toxin
Malathion Organophosphate Possible carcinogen, neurotoxin, hormone & bee toxin
WHEAT

Pesticide

16 Pesticides[xix]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Malathion Organophosphate Neurotoxin, hormone & bee toxin, possible carcinogen
Chlorpyrifos methyl Organophosphate Neurotoxin, endocrine disruptor, bee toxin
Methoxychlor Organochlorine Hormone disruptor, bee toxin
Piperonyl butoxide Insecticide Endocrine disruptor, suspected carcinogen, liver, nerve toxin
Pirimiphos methyl Insecticide Neurotoxin, bee toxin
Trifluralin Herbicide Endocrine disruptor, suspected carcinogen, toxic to bees
PEACHES

Pesticide

62 Pesticides[xx]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

O-Phenylphenol Fungicide Carcinogen, reproductive toxin, hormone disruptor
Iprodione Fungicide Carcinogen, hormone disruptor
Phosmet Organophosphate Neurotoxin, possible carcinogen, bee toxin
Azinphos methyl Organophosphate Neurotoxin, bee toxin, hormone disruptor
Chlorpyrifos Organophosphate Neurotoxin, endocrine disruptor, bee toxin, toxic to children[xxi]
KALE

Pesticide

55 Pesticides[xxii]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

DDE Organochlorine Carcinogen, hormone disruptor, reproductive toxin,
Dieldrin Organochlorine Carcinogen, hormone disruptor, bee toxin
CILANTRO

Pesticide

68 Pesticides[xxiii]

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Chlorpyrifos Organophosphate Neurotoxin, hormone disruptor, bee toxin
DDT Organochlorine Reproductive toxin, endocrine disruptor, banned in US
DDE Organochlorine Carcinogen, endocrine disruptor, reproductive toxin
CANNIBAS

Pesticide

? Pesticides

Type

 

Pesticide Effects & Damages

Myclobutanil Fungicide Harms brain and thyroid116, heated converts to cyanide[xxiv]
Imidacloprid Neonicotinoid Neurotoxin, toxic to bees[xxv] 


Neonicotinoids in Baby Foods:
“The FDA reported neonics were among the most frequently found pesticide residues in infant and toddler foods. Unlike most other pesticides, neonics cannot be washed off of food prior to consumption.” [xxvi]

[i] Grapes, What’s On My Food, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=GRG

[ii] Boscalid, Federal Register, https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2015/03/18/2015-06141/boscalid-pesticide-tolerances

[iii] Exposure to Common Pesticides May Affect Human Brain; Effects Similar To Autism and Alzheimer’s, Susan Scutti, April 1, 2016, https://www.medicaldaily.com/fungicides-human-brain-autism-spectrum-disorder-alzheimers-disease-380352

[iv] Fungicide Contamination Reduces Beneficial Fungi in Bee Bread Based on An Area-Wide Field Study in Honey Bee, Apis mellifera, Colonies, Jay A. Yoder, Andrew J. Jajack, Andrew E. Rosselot, Terrance J. Smith, Mary Clare Yerke, Diana Sammataro, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Helath, Part A, 76:597-600, 2013, Taylor and Francis, LLC, https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/57094/PDF

[v] Disturbing New Evidence About What Common Pesticides Can Do to Brains, Tom Philpott, April 13, 2016, Mother Jones, https://www.motherjones.com/food/2016/04/what-are-these-widely-used-fungicides-doing-us/

[vi] Thyroid Disrupting Chemicals and Brain Development: An Update, Bilal B Mughal, Jean-Baptiste Fini, Barbara A Demeneix, Endocrine Connections, April, 2018, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5890081/

[vii] Toxicity of Pesticides to Pollinators and Beneficials, University of Massachussetts Amherst, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, https://ag.umass.edu/fruit/ne-small-fruit-management-guide/appendices-resource-material-listings-conversion-tables-0

[viii] The Role of Fenhexamid on the Proliferation of Ovarian Cancer BG-1 Cells, Anxing Fei1, Handong Fu3, Hong Jiang, Liping Wei1, Hongxia Zhang, Anqiong Fei, Yan Zhang, Tiantian Zou, Shuzhen Gao, Lin Li, Hong Jiang, Min Zhou, Hui Xing, Yanli Huang, International Journal Clinical and Experimental Pathology, April 15, 2018; 11(4);2025-2031, http://www.ijcep.com/files/ijcep0059707.pdf

 

[ix] What’s on my Food, Apples, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=AP

[x] Chemical Banned in Europe is Probably On Your Apple, John Upton, Grist Magazine, April 25, 2014, https://grist.org/food/chemical-banned-in-europe-is-probably-on-your-apple/

[xi] Diphenylamine Safety Data Sheet according to the Federal Register, Lab Chem, Jan 7, 2015, http://www.labchem.com/tools/msds/msds/LC13610.pdf

[xii] Acetamiprid,  Pesticide Properties Database, University of Hertfordshire, https://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/Reports/11.htm

[xiii] NRDC to EPA: Red Flags on Imidacloprid Health Risks, Jennifer Sass, Natural Resources Defense Council, November 29, 2017, https://www.nrdc.org/experts/jennifer-sass/nrdc-epa-red-flags-imidacloprid-health-risks

[xiv] What’s On My Food, Sweet Bell Peppers, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=PP

[xv] Gateway on Pesticide Hazards and Safe Pest Management, Thiamethoxam, Beyond Pesticides, https://www.beyondpesticides.org/resources/pesticide-gateway?pesticideid=289

[xvi] What’s On My Food, Strawberries, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=ST

[xvii] What’s On My Food, Corn, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=CO

[xviii] What’s On My Food, Potatoes, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=PO

[xix] What’s on My Food, Wheat, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=WF

[xx] What’s on my Food, Peaches, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=PC

[xxi] Chlorpyrifos, The Toxic Pesticide Harming Our Children and Environment, Earth Justice, https://earthjustice.org/features/what-you-need-to-know-about-chlorpyrifos

[xxii] What’s On My Food, Kale, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=GK

[xxiii] What’s On My Food, Cilantro, Pesticide Action Network, http://www.whatsinmyfood.org/food.jsp?food=CL

[xxiv] Pesticides in Marijuana Pose a Growing Problem for Cannabis Consumers, Alicia Lozano, Oct 27, 2016, LA Weekly, https://www.laweekly.com/news/pesticides-in-marijuana-pose-a-growing-problem-for-cannabis-consumers-7526808

[xxv] EPA: This Pesticide is Killing Bees. (Pssst,Iit’s Also In Some of Your Weed),Ricardo Baca, The Cannabist Denver Post Jan 8, 2016, https://www.thecannabist.co/2016/01/08/imidacloprid-pesticide-chemical-bees-marijuana-pot/46262/

[xxvi] https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/EHP515/ Effects of Neonicotinoid Exposure on Human Health, A Systematic Review Cimino AM, Boyles AL, Thayer KA, Perry MJ, 2017. Environmental Health Perspectives 125: 155-162

 

 

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